The Ston salt pan is located in southern Dalmatia, 23 km from Dubrovnik. The small town Ston, with the longest medieval fortification walls in Europe, lies in a close proximity to the mainland that connects the longest eastern Adriatic peninsula of Pelješac. The salt pan is located between the fertile fields of Ston and the deep Bay of Ston.
The Ston salt pan owes its present appearance to the arrival of the people from Dubrovnik, who bought these lands from the ruler of Serbia and Bosnia at the beginning of the 14th century. They built a Great Wall that was more than 5,5km in length, with 40 towers and 5 fortresses across the hill next to Prevlaka. The salt pan stretches over 400 000 m2 of flat surface and is made up of 7 groups of pools for the evaporation of seawater, which flows into a canal system of 5 rows with 8-10 square crystallization pools each. They stretch right along the old harbor in Ston, where larger vessels docked for loading salt. The qualities of the Ston salt pan is: it is the only salt that is not bitter and that does not require any additives against clotting.
The pools were named according to holy saints-patrons; St. Francis, St. Nicholas, St. Maria, St. Clementine, St. Joseph, St. Blaise, St. Balthazar, St. Lazarus…..Mundo is the only pool that does not carry the name of a saint.
The production of salt is still depended on the number of sunny days during the process of crystallization.
The Ston salt pan is important tourist destination that attracts people from various European countries wishing to experience a traditional salt harvest.
Four millennium, it is the oldest salt pan in Europe.